By Bonnie Baker
This ebook has been written to assist electronic engineers who want a few uncomplicated analog instruments of their toolbox. For working towards electronic engineers, scholars, educators and hands-on managers who're trying to find the analog starting place they should deal with their day-by-day engineering difficulties, it will function a beneficial connection with the nuts-and-bolts of process analog layout in a electronic world.This e-book is a hands-on designer's consultant to crucial subject matters in analog electronicssuch as Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog conversion, operational amplifiers, filters, and integrating analog and electronic structures. The presentation is customized for engineers who're essentially skilled and/or expert in electronic circuit layout. This booklet will educate such readers easy methods to "think analog" while it's the top strategy to their challenge. particular cognizance is additionally given to basic issues, similar to noise and the way to take advantage of analog attempt and dimension apparatus, which are frequently missed in different analog titles geared toward expert engineers.
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Extra info for A Baker's Dozen: Real Analog Solutions for Digital Designers
On the other hand, DC domain speciﬁcations, such as offset error, gain error, differential nonlinearity and integral nonlinearity provide information about how close, on average, the input signal is matched to an actual output code. These speciﬁcations do not imply repeatability, and noise could give you varying results from conversion-to-conversion. 76 dB, where “n” is equal to the number of converter bits. This theoretical noise is a result of the quantization noise inherent in the converter.
6. Pin capacitance and leakage errors are minimal. The external source resistance and sample capacitor combines with internal switch resistance and internal sample capacitor to form an R/C pair. 5 time constants to fully charge to 12-bits over temperature. The MCP3201 (from Microchip), 12-bit ADC requires 938 nsec to fully sample the input signal, assuming RS << RSWITCH. 9: The combination of the external input resistance (RS) and internal switch resistance (RSWITCH) and the sample capacitor (CSAMPLE) form a low-pass ﬁlter that has a rise time.
The gain settings for this stage are programmed through the digital interface. In this stage, we haven’t completely left the analog domain but we are halfway there. 13. The basic topology of the PGA stage is a differential switched capacitor ampliﬁer. The switched capacitive topology uses a combination of oversampling and capacitor gain to achieve the possible gains of 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16. With this stage, the signal is clocked in on the rising edge of the sampling clock and transferred by the falling edge of the sampling clock to a second group of capacitors.
A Baker's Dozen: Real Analog Solutions for Digital Designers by Bonnie Baker