By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific studies comprising the great scope of the strategic normal document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and expertise within the box of agriculture. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group experiences research the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and expertise, describe the decisive influence of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization approach, expect that the realm is at the eve of an coming near near S&T revolution, and phone for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in line with the specific examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the experiences draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and know-how, determine China’s S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms according to China’s fact, extra element S&T tasks of strategic significance to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with complete consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in keeping with China’s truth. Supported by means of illustrations and tables of knowledge, the stories supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with tips relating study instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in traditional sciences. Its significant obligations are to behavior learn in easy and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on normal assets and ecological atmosphere, to supply the rustic with medical info and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech corporations via its lively engagement in those parts.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
The demand for multi-functional agriculture includes improving food security and environmental, cultural, and traditional knowledge preservation. 3 The Development Opportunities for Global Agriculture to 2050 By 2050, global agriculture will face a series of development opportunities, of which the following five aspects are particularly prominent. 1. The increasing demand for food and fiber from humans provides space for agricultural production and agricultural market expansion The development of any industrial sector is closely related with social and market demand for its products and services.
According to our projection, by 2050, per capita demand for fruit and edible oil will increase by one fold or more, and vegetable and sugar will increase by around 50% (Table 1-1). Population growth will continue to raise the demand for these products. By 2050, the total volume of the demand for fruit and oil will increase by nearly two fold in China, and sugar will increase by around 1 fold, vegetables around 75%. But the concern is that income growth and urbanization have not brought about the increase of per capita demand for rice and wheat, major staple foods in China.
Over the past 50 years, China has made significant efforts to supply appropriate and adequate food and clothing for its growing population. By the early 21st century, China supported 1/5 of the world population with only 1/15 of cultivated land in the world, and the overall food self-sufficiency rate was over 100%. The total number of undernourished people decreased from 193 million in the early 1990s to less than 100 million in the early 21st century. Over the past 50 years, China has made great achievements in agricultural development but also paid a high environmental cost.
Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang