Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart's AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY PDF

By Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart

ISBN-10: 0160723620

ISBN-13: 9780160723629

American army background offers the U.S. Army—in specific, its younger officials, NCOs, and cadets—with a entire yet short account of its earlier. the guts of army historical past first released this paintings in 1956 as a textbook for senior ROTC classes. considering then it has undergone a couple of updates and revisions, however the fundamental cause has remained a similar. aid for army heritage schooling has continually been a crucial project of the heart, and this re-creation of a useful heritage furthers that objective. The heritage of an energetic association has a tendency to extend quickly because the association grows greater and extra complicated. The interval because the Vietnam struggle, at which element the newest variation ended, has been an important one for the military, a hectic interval of increasing roles and missions and of primary organizational adjustments. specifically, the explosion of missions and deployments due to the fact eleven September 2001 has necessitated the construction of extra, open-ended chapters within the tale of the U.S. military in motion. this primary quantity covers the Army’s heritage from its delivery in 1775 to the eve of global conflict I. by means of 1917, the us was once already a global energy. the military had despatched huge expeditionary forces past the yank hemisphere, and before everything of the hot century Secretary of struggle Elihu Root had proposed alterations and reforms that inside of a iteration could form the military of the long run. yet global war—global war—was nonetheless to come back. the second one quantity of this new version will absorb that tale and expand it into the twenty-first century and the early years of the warfare on terrorism and contains an research of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as much as January 2009.

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Extra info for AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND THE FORGING OF A NATION, 1775-1917

Example text

Before the European came to America, the Indian had relied on bow and spear or tomahawk and knife; but he soon learned the value of muskets and was not long in obtaining them in trade for his valuable furs. With bow or musket, his method of fighting was the same. The Indian tribes with whom the colonists first came in contact had no organized system of war; warriors generally formed voluntary bands un- THE BEGINNINGS der war chiefs and took off on the warpath. In battle each Indian fought a separate opponent without regard for his fellows.

Their sparse population posed little threat to Indian lands; and the French-controlled fur trade depended on Indian workers, while the British colonies saw Indians as an obstacle to settlement. The French could usually count on the support of the Indian tribes in the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions, though the British colonists did maintain greater influence with the powerful Iroquois Confederacy in New York. The French constructed forts at strategic points, like Niagara and Detroit, and garrisoned them with small numbers of regulars, a few of whom they usually sent along with militia and Indian raiding parties to supervise operations.

This practice seemingly put a premium on popularity rather than wealth or ability, but rank in the militia generally corresponded with social station in the community. Each militiaman was expected to provide his own weapon— usually a smoothbore musket—and ammunition, clothing, and food for a short expedition, just as the British knight had been required to provide his own horse, armor, and suitable weapons for feudal warfare. Local authorities maintained reserve supplies of muskets to arm those too poor to buy them and collected stores of ammunition and sometimes small cannon that could be dragged along through the wilderness.

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AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND THE FORGING OF A NATION, 1775-1917 by Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart


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